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 Expository is writing which tends to explain, illustrate, clarify, or explicate something in a way that it becomes clear for readers.

As you can see, this level should move on after mastering narrative and descriptive skills. The student perfectly needs to know the right usage of narrative skills for a good explanation and usage of descriptive skills for visualizing objects that he wants to illustrate.









The Core of Expository

In ICAN, we teach students the power of expository. Expository is fact-based and presents reason, explanations, instructions or directions. Unlike other forms of writing, this type of writing does not include descriptive details or opinions. For expository writing students need to organize their thoughts, follow a plan, sometimes conduct research and support their findings. Honestly, this writing is the most straightforward type of writing your child will learn, yet it is the hardest to grasp.

What are Explanatory Words?


Words that explain a motion word, a picture-word, or an explanatory word itself, is called an Adverb. It may be a Simple Adverb, as hurriedly, cleverly, sparely.


It may be a Phrasal or Compound Adverb, such as nowadays, arm in arm, now and again.


Adverbs may explain time, such as now, then, soon, never, forever; or place, suchas here, there, everywhere, thence; degree, suchas so, too, nearly, almost, quite, somewhat;reason, suchas therefore, consequently, purposely, wherefore; manner, suchas busily, anxiously, cleverly.


They may denote negation, such as no, not, or affirmation, such as yes, yea, certainly, probably, assuredly, doubtless, indeed, perhaps.

Adverbs are compared as adjectives are.


Explanatory phrases are used to restate, define, explain, elaborate, or provide examples for a noun that usually appears immediately before the explanatory phrase.


Due to their length or their position within the sentence, some prepositional phrases can behave as major qualifiers. Qualifiers and intensifiers are words or phrases that are added to another word to modify its meaning, either by limiting it (He was somewhat busy) or by enhancing it (The dog was very cute). Qualifiers can play an important role in your writing, giving your reader clues about how confident you feel about the information you’re presenting. In fact, “hedging” (as it is sometimes called) is an important feature of academic writing, because academic writers need to clearly indicate whether they think claims are certain, likely, unlikely, or just false. But excessive use of qualifiers can make you sound unsure of your facts; it can also make your writing too informal.


Appositives and explanatory phrases are very similar elements within a sentence structure. Their shared trait is that each is separated from the rest of a sentence by commas. However, an explanatory phrase adds information not necessary to the rest of the statement, while an appositive is a word or phrase used to rename or further describe a noun.



In the sentence "Jim went to town, even though it was raining, to get some groceries," the commas bracket the explanatory phrase. If you remove this statement, the sentence still provide the basic, useful information that Jim went to town to buy groceries. In the sentence "Jill, my sister, is very talented," the phrase "my sister" is an appositive because it describes "Jill," the noun. Again, the statement is sensible without the appositive, but the phrase "my sister" adds an important descriptor.

Explanatory Paragraphs

Explanatory paragraphs, also known as expository paragraphs, give an overall description of something that may be difficult to understand. These paragraphs are comprised of information that concisely and clearly explain a process or present other people's opinions or views in detail without being overly analytical or critical, according to, an online grammar and writing resource. Effective explanatory paragraphs are written smoothly and have fluidity.


Choose a theme or concept

Choose a theme or concept for the explanatory paragraph. Avoid focusing on an opinion; instead, choose a concept that you know about, such as a hobby, a character in a book or a pet. Ensure that the topic is understandable and not too complicated or confusing.


Write a topic sentence

Write a topic sentence. This sentence, which is the first part of the paragraph, should set the tone for the remainder of the explanatory paragraph. When writing, ensure that you not only state the focus on the paragraph, but also include key words that will enable the rest of the sentences to center around these words. Just as an explanatory essay has a thesis statement, an explanatory paragraph should include a topic sentence.


Ensure that your paragraph

Ensure that your paragraph has a logical progression of thought and that readers can easily follow your ideas and explanations, according to Purdue University's Online Writing Lab. Your sentences should also include evidential support and should connect to the logic of the topic sentence. Be creative when writing an explanatory paragraph, as this may help leave a lasting impression on readers.

Word Classes


Connecting Words >

Spoken and Written Words >

Word Groups >

Denotative Words >

Connotative Words >

Generic Words >

Specific Words >

Antonyms, Homonyms and Synonyms >

Localism and Provincialism Words >

New Words >

Technical Words >

Colloquial Words >

Foreign Words >

Slang Words >

Old Words and Obsolete Words >

Anglo-Saxon Words >

Latin Words >

Name Words >

Motion Words >

Picture Words >

Explanatory Words

Mind Mapping

In ICAN, we teach the students the concept of mind mapping. Mind mapping is a highly effective way of getting information in and out of your brain. Mind mapping is a creative and logical means of note-taking and note-making that literally "maps out" your ideas.

All Mind Maps have some things in common. They have a natural organizational structure that radiates from the center and use lines, symbols, words, color and images according to simple, brain-friendly concepts. Mind mapping converts a long list of monotonous information into a colorful, memorable and highly organized diagram that works in line with your brain's natural way of doing things.

One simple way to understand a Mind Map is by comparing it to a map of a city. The city center represents the main idea; the main roads leading from the center represent the key thoughts in your thinking process; the secondary roads or branches represent your secondary thoughts, and so on. Special images or shapes can represent landmarks of interest or particularly relevant ideas.

The Five Essential Characteristics of Mind Mapping:


The main idea, subject or focus is crystallized in a central image


The main themes radiate from the central image as 'branches'


The branches comprise a key image or key word drawn or printed on its associated line


Topics of lesser importance are represented as 'twigs' of the relevant branch


The branches form a connected nodal structure

How to Make a Mind Map:

  • Think of your general main theme and write that down in the center of the page. i.e. Food

  • Figure out sub-themes of your main concept and draw branches to them from the center, beginning to look like a spider web i.e. Meats, Dairy, Breads

  • Make sure to use very short phrases or even single words

  • Add images to invoke thought or get the message across better

  • Try to think of at least two main points for each sub-theme you created and create branches out to those

Memory Palace

The Memory Palace technique is based on the fact that we’re extremely good at remembering places we know. A ‘Memory Palace’ is a metaphor for any well-known place that you’re able to easily visualize. It can be the inside of your home, or maybe the route you take every day to work. That familiar place will be your guide to store and recall any kind of information.

Associating physical locations with mental concepts is the most powerful memory combination I know. Most other memory techniques (supposedly more sophisticated than the Memory Palace) are, at least in part, based on the concept of physical locations being used as memory pegs.


Terminology and Starting Prompts

The expository essay is a genre of essay that requires the student to investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, expound on the idea, and set forth an argument concerning that idea in a clear and concise manner. This can be accomplished through comparison and contrast, definition, example, the analysis of cause and effect, etc.

Writing about what makes a film good or bad involves a similar analytical skillset as writing about literature. However, because film is a medium that is newer and more collaborative than literature, and because film production involves very different technologies, film writing requires its own unique vocabulary. The following terminology guide is not comprehensive, but it provides a strong foundation for making sense of what you see on the screen. 

  • Describe a shot, sequence, or scene that stands out to you. Sometimes just writing a good, detailed description will indicate an argument about how the filmmakers wanted us to see something in the world. 

  • Who are the filmmakers, and how does the film you’re analyzing fit into their career? Think of the directors, writers, actors, cinematographers, musical score composers—everyone involved in the making of this film, and choose the career of one to contextualize the film in. Is it typical of their other work, or a notable break in some way?

  • Is the film often considered to be part of a wider historical or filmic movement? How does it film illustrate or complicate a certain theory, style, or genre?

  • When was the film made? How did that historical moment influence the production of the film? Were the filmmakers responding to a specific historic event? How does their depiction of that event encourage viewers to think of that event, and in turn of their present historical moment?

  • What technology was used to create this film? Does the film innovate any new uses of camera or editing technology? If so, how did this innovation influence future filmmakers

More sources

Expository Writing

Short introduction to a lesson plan on Expository Writing for Grade 6-8 English Language Arts and Reading Class

Writing an Expository Essay

Video form Mometrix Academy! The world's most comprehensive test preparation company. This channel will provide you with videos that will help you learn about many different subjects.

Expository Essay Example | Step by step

This video is an update of our previous video on Expository essay writing couple of years ago. But this time we will go through the main steps with a real example to illustrate everything more clearly. 


FINALLY! THE MOST REQUESTED VIDEO EVER IS HERE! I hope this video on how to make effective and cute mind maps for study and revision is helpful! And I actually tell you how to revise from them! Good luck for back to school 2017! 

Mind Palace (Simple Guide) - 5 Steps to Remember Things With a Memory Palace

The Memory Palace technique utilizes the fact that we are extremely good at remembering places we know. I have used this technique for quiet some time now and can recommend it to everyone. At first it takes some practice but it totally pays off.

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