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 Expository is writing which tends to explain, illustrate, clarify, or explicate something in a way that it becomes clear for readers.

As you can see, this level should move on after mastering narrative and descriptive skills. The student perfectly needs to know the right usage of narrative skills for a good explanation and usage of descriptive skills for visualizing objects that he wants to illustrate.









The Core of Expository

In ICAN, we teach students the power of expository. Expository is fact-based and presents reason, explanations, instructions or directions. Unlike other forms of writing, this type of writing does not include descriptive details or opinions. For expository writing students need to organize their thoughts, follow a plan, sometimes conduct research and support their findings. Honestly, this writing is the most straightforward type of writing your child will learn, yet it is the hardest to grasp.

What are Explanatory Words?


Words that explain a motion word, a picture-word, or an explanatory word itself, is called an Adverb. It may be a Simple Adverb, as hurriedly, cleverly, sparely.


It may be a Phrasal or Compound Adverb, such as nowadays, arm in arm, now and again.


Adverbs may explain time, such as now, then, soon, never, forever; or place, suchas here, there, everywhere, thence; degree, suchas so, too, nearly, almost, quite, somewhat;reason, suchas therefore, consequently, purposely, wherefore; manner, suchas busily, anxiously, cleverly.


They may denote negation, such as no, not, or affirmation, such as yes, yea, certainly, probably, assuredly, doubtless, indeed, perhaps.

Adverbs are compared as adjectives are.


Explanatory phrases are used to restate, define, explain, elaborate, or provide examples for a noun that usually appears immediately before the explanatory phrase.


Due to their length or their position within the sentence, some prepositional phrases can behave as major qualifiers. Qualifiers and intensifiers are words or phrases that are added to another word to modify its meaning, either by limiting it (He was somewhat busy) or by enhancing it (The dog was very cute). Qualifiers can play an important role in your writing, giving your reader clues about how confident you feel about the information you’re presenting. In fact, “hedging” (as it is sometimes called) is an important feature of academic writing, because academic writers need to clearly indicate whether they think claims are certain, likely, unlikely, or just false. But excessive use of qualifiers can make you sound unsure of your facts; it can also make your writing too informal.


Appositives and explanatory phrases are very similar elements within a sentence structure. Their shared trait is that each is separated from the rest of a sentence by commas. However, an explanatory phrase adds information not necessary to the rest of the statement, while an appositive is a word or phrase used to rename or further describe a noun.



In the sentence "Jim went to town, even though it was raining, to get some groceries," the commas bracket the explanatory phrase. If you remove this statement, the sentence still provide the basic, useful information that Jim went to town to buy groceries. In the sentence "Jill, my sister, is very talented," the phrase "my sister" is an appositive because it describes "Jill," the noun. Again, the statement is sensible without the appositive, but the phrase "my sister" adds an important descriptor.

Explanatory Paragraphs

Explanatory paragraphs, also known as expository paragraphs, give an overall description of something that may be difficult to understand. These paragraphs are comprised of information that concisely and clearly explain a process or present other people's opinions or views in detail without being overly analytical or critical, according to, an online grammar and writing resource. Effective explanatory paragraphs are written smoothly and have fluidity.


Choose a theme or concept

Choose a theme or concept for the explanatory paragraph. Avoid focusing on an opinion; instead, choose a concept that you know about, such as a hobby, a character in a book or a pet. Ensure that the topic is understandable and not too complicated or confusing.


Write a topic sentence

Write a topic sentence. This sentence, which is the first part of the paragraph, should set the tone for the remainder of the explanatory paragraph. When writing, ensure that you not only state the focus on the paragraph, but also include key words that will enable the rest of the sentences to center around these words. Just as an explanatory essay has a thesis statement, an explanatory paragraph should include a topic sentence.


Ensure that your paragraph

Ensure that your paragraph has a logical progression of thought and that readers can easily follow your ideas and explanations, according to Purdue University's Online Writing Lab. Your sentences should also include evidential support and should connect to the logic of the topic sentence. Be creative when writing an explanatory paragraph, as this may help leave a lasting impression on readers.

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